# Quick start

# Description

You can use Kontain to run existing or new Docker Images standalone or in Kubernetes with

  • secure VM-level hardware isolation
  • reduce resource usage by building smaller Container images to reduce resource consumption
  • and enable instant start capabilities for your slower starting contianers in Docker and Kubernetes

# Install Kontain and run existing Docker Container images with Kontain

Assuming that you are on a Linux system (either Ubuntu 20.04 or Amazon Linux 2 with Kernel version 5.10 or above or Fedora 34 and above) with KVM enabled, and Docker installed, we can install Kontain witn the following command:

# verify that kvm is installed
$ ls -l /dev/kvm

# verify that docker is installed
$ systemctl|grep docker.service

# download and install
$ curl -s https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kontainapp/km/current/km-releases/kontain-install.sh | sudo bash

# verify install by checking if kontain folder was created
$ ls /opt/kontain

# run the classic docker hello-world image using Kontain
$ docker run --runtime=krun hello-world
Hello from Docker!

# run the ubuntu Docker container image and echo a string
$ docker run --runtime=krun ubuntu echo hello world
hello world

# run a java hello world image
$ docker run --runtime=krun kontainguide/java-hello-world
Hello world from Kontain!

# run a C-based example
$ docker run --runtime=krun kontainguide/hello-kontain
Hello, world
Hello, argv[0] = '/hello_test.km'
Hello, argv[1] = 'from'
Hello, argv[2] = 'docker'

For more details, you can view the examples or view the docs for each language using the links below.

Kontain examples repo

For more details on Install:

Install Kontain in Linux

For more details to install Kontain as a secure runtime in Kubernetes:

Install Kontain in Kubernetes

Below we will some examples of how to use Kontain with golang, Java Spring Boot, Python Flask and NodeJS without changing any of your existing Docker or Kubernetes workflows.

# Using Kontain with Golang http server (Docker Container)

Kontain and Go (Docker and Kubernetes)

# clone the examples repository
$ git clone https://github.com/kontainapp/guide-examples.git

# let's run a golang server program
$ cd guide-examples/examples/go/golang-http-hello

# build the image
$ docker build -t kontainguide/golang-http-hello .

# lets run this
$ docker run -d --rm -p 8080:8080 --runtime=krun --name golang-http-hello kontainguide/golang-http-hello
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                            COMMAND     CREATED         STATUS         PORTS                                       NAMES
1c897d79f36e   kontainguide/golang-http-hello   "/server"   3 seconds ago   Up 2 seconds>8080/tcp, :::8080->8080/tcp   golang-http-hello

# invoke the service
$ curl http://localhost:8080
Hello World!

$ docker stop golang-http-hello

# Using Kontain with a Java Spring boot service (Docker Container)

Using Kontain with Java/Spring Boot (Docker and Kubernetes)

# let's run a java spring boot hello world program
$ cd guide-examples/examples/java/java-hello-world/

# build the image
$ docker build -t kontainguide/spring-boot-hello .

# now run this
$ docker run -d --rm -p 8080:8080 --runtime=krun --name spring-boot-hello kontainguide/spring-boot-hello

$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                                COMMAND                  CREATED         STATUS         PORTS                                       NAMES
445f87eb70bd   kontainguide/spring-boot-hello:1.0   "java -XX:-UseCompre…"   5 seconds ago   Up 5 seconds>8080/tcp, :::8080->8080/tcp   spring-boot-hello

# invoke the service
$ curl http://localhost:8080
Hello from Kontain!

# stop the service
$ docker stop spring-boot-hello

# Using Kontain with a Python Flask service (Docker Container)

Using Kontain with Python/Flask (Docker and Kubernetes)

# now let's run a Flask python example
$ cd guide-examples/examples/python/py-flask-hello

# now let's build this example
$ docker build -t kontainguide/py-flask-hello .
$ docker run -d --rm -p 5000:5000 --runtime=krun --name py-flask-hello kontainguide/py-flask-hello
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                         COMMAND            CREATED          STATUS          PORTS                                       NAMES
45377d5dec4d   kontainguide/py-flask-hello   "python main.py"   6 seconds ago   Up 6 seconds>5000/tcp, :::5000->5000/tcp   py-flask-hello

$ curl  http://localhost:5000
Hello Kontain!

# now let's stop the python flask container
$ docker stop py-flask-hello

# Using Kontain with a NodeJS hello world http service (Docker Container)

Using Kontain with NodeJS express service (Docker and Kubernetes)

# now let's run a NodeJS express service
$ cd guide-examples/examples/js/node-hello-world
$ docker build -t kontainguide/node-hello-world .

# run the example using Kontain
$ docker run --rm --runtime=krun -d -p 3000:3000 --name node-hello-world kontainguide/node-hello-world
$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                           COMMAND                  CREATED         STATUS         PORTS                                       NAMES
6bb15f7c03db   kontainguide/node-hello-world   "docker-entrypoint.s…"   5 seconds ago   Up 4 seconds>3000/tcp, :::3000->3000/tcp   node-hello-world

# invoke the service
$ curl http://localhost:3000
Hello World!

# now let's stop the nodejs container
$ docker stop node-hello-world

# Using Kontain's base images for smaller container images and lower resource consumption

Kontain can run existing Containers as is, but these can lead to bloated containers that are huge in size and consume significant computing resources when run.

Although optional, usage of Kontain's base images and enhanced build steps during the Container build process can produce significantly reduced image sizes.

$ docker images | grep -E 'node'
node                               12      918MB

kontainguide/node-express-hello    1.0     84.2MB
kontainapp/runenv-node             latest  81.3MB

Please note that the image size for the the base node image has a size of 918MB whereas the Kontain based Application container image is 84.2MB because Kontain's base node image is significantly smaller

More examples of the benefits of using Kontain base images:

# Using Kontain with docker-compose

Using Kontain with docker-compose example

See below for an example. Note the use of the Kontain runtime stanza (runtime: krun) in the docker-compose yaml file. This is the same as using --runtime=krun in the CLI and shows how easy it is to use Kontain with your regular development tools.

$ cat docker-compose.yml
version: "3.7"

    runtime: krun
    image: kontainguide/node-hello-world:1.0
      - "3000:3000"
      replicas: 1

# Using Kontain with Kubernetes

Using Kontain with Kubernetes example

Below is an example of using Kontain with Kubernetes.

In the app kubernetes manifest below, you will notice the "runtime: kontain" stanza.

You will see that this enables Kontain launched containers to be deployed and run in Kubernetes alongside regular Docker or other Containers.

$ cat k8s.yml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Service
  name: node-hello-world
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
        app: node-hello-world
      runtimeClassName: kontain
      - name: node-hello-world
        image: kontainguide/node-hello-world:1.0
        - containerPort: 3000